Whether it shows in the form of patches and dark spots on the skin due to an overproduction of melanin or scars that just won’t fade, hyperpigmentation is a really common skincare struggle.
What Is Hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is a broad phrase that covers a range of skin discolouration issues. It can be particularly common with darker skin tones and acne-prone skin.
There are numerous specific types of hyperpigmentation, and there are also a number of causes, though sun exposure, skin inflammation and genetics are the most common.
Here are some of the common types and causes of hyperpigmentation:
- Dark Spots
- Acne Scars
- Skin Discolouration
- Excess Melanin
- Darkened skin patches
- Inflammatory Skin Condition
- Sun Sensitivity
- Hormonal Changes
- Liver Spots
- Age Spots
- Skin Damage
- Post Inflammatory hyperpigmentation
How To Get Rid Of Hyperpigmentation
Given that there are so many types and causes, it's not surprising that there are plenty of effective products, tips and amazing ways to treat hyperpigmentation and even out skin tone.
Here are a few ideas to help you treat this common skin condition at home, along with some of the hero beauty products that have proven to be effective.
How To Treat Hyperpigmentation At Home
Exfoliate (Remove dead skin cells)
Gentle acid exfoliators exfoliate the top layer of the skin and improve cellular regeneration, leading to clearer, brighter skin. Making exfoliating acids part of your skincare routine will really help with visible scarring and skin discolouration. Search for acids such as Glycolic, Lactic and Mandelic and enzymes such as Bromelain and Papain. Chemical peels may also help, though it's always wise to consult a dermatologist if you have problem skin.
Vitamin C is a really efficient way to reduce skin pigmentation and it comes in multiple forms such as serums, creams, mists and masks. It contains a property that inhibits your skin’s melanin production, which is what causes skin discolouration. With continued use, Vitamin C can be a preventative measure against brown spots. It is a super brightening agent that works to fade dark spots without altering normal skin pigmentation. Look for ingredient names such as Ascorbyl Tetraisopalmitate, Salicylic Acid and Ascorbic Acid.
Retinol works on speeding up the skin’s renewal process and increasing cell turnover, which is why it is also such a great ingredient to reduce hyperpigmentation. If you are new to the retinol game, start by adding it in slowly and build up a tolerance, and don’t forget to apply a high factor SPF 30 or 50 afterwards (even if it’s cloudy)!